A Blog can be used to write a diary or make a stream of notes on web pages in a series of chapters or sections, sometimes with the ability for others to make comments. Blogs use online editors, which often look a little bit like word processor applications. These allow users to make web pages without having any knowledge of how to develop web content. The user can make regular entries, which are dated and displayed in reverse chronological order to provide a commentary on a particular topic. The content in blogs can be made very accessible to all users, although there may be some additional elements in the web page that are harder to use such as built in calendars.
- The choice of Blog service is important. The rich text editor used to add content to make the web pages may not be accessible. This means that not all the menu items can be reached using a keyboard or screen reader. Check this by tabbing around the menus and ensuring that all options can be reached.
- Check to see if keyboard shortcuts are available. Some rich text editors offer keyboard shortcuts similar to those used in Word or any other word processor. These can be very useful to keyboard and screen reader users. Examples such as Ctrl+B for bold are common place but ways of making lists and adding images via the keyboard may not be so easy.
- Make sure it is possible to add alternative text to graphics when they are added to a page. If the graphics have words embedded in the picture, please explain these in the content as you will be unlikely to be able to add a long description elsewhere when using a rich text editor.
- Multimedia elements will require alternative formats. Examples of accessible communication formats or alternative formats are transcripts of audio presentations, text descriptions for graphical representations, captions for video and flash animations etc. Once again these may have to be part of the blog content.
- Make sure titles, headings and subheadings are clear. Good titles help search engines and users, headings and subheadings making scanning text easier and help screen reader users. Rich text editors have the appropriate features to allow these settings.
- Keep contrast levels and text sizes comfortable for all. Good contrast levels between text and the background colour as well as font sizes 10/12 and above make reading content easier.
- Use spell checkers and avoid overly complex language. There may be a spell checker within the rich text editor, but if not the use of Google Toolbar checker or add-on /built in browser spell checkers can be helpful. Cutting and pasting from a desktop word processor is also an option but there can be issues with the results because of the code used in some applications. There is guidance for using Microsoft Word with WordPress and Humbolt State University offer advice about using Google’s Blogger platform.
- Check for accessible themes such those offered by WordPress and Tumblr. Google’s Blogger advice comes under their G Suite Accessibility
- Common Craft provide an online video about blogs and how they can be used.
- Successful Blogging – 8 steps and hints and tips.
- Tech Tips: Accessible Blogging from DO-IT (USA)
- American Foundation for the Blind tips on how to make blogs accessible for blind users.
- BBC Ouch! – How accessible is your blog?
- UK Government Accessibility Blog
- Make WordPress Accessible and use Web2Access online or print out the Web2Access Criteria for testing elements that need checking for accessibility and use the Test Form based on the WCAG 2.0 guidelines
In 2007 Glenda Watson-Hyatt made a YouTube video “The Left Thumb Blogger” to show how blogging has given her a voice.